Reuters: Investors get much of Big Oil’s cash windfall
Thu May 8, 2008 12:24pm EDT
By Alex Lawler – Analysis
LONDON (Reuters) – The five largest fully publicly traded oil firms are spending more on finding and producing oil, but the industry is still handing back much of its windfall from record oil prices to investors.
Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM.N: Quote, Profile,Research), Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSa.L:Quote, Profile, Research), BP Plc (BP.L:Quote, Profile, Research) and two smaller rivals upped capital spending to $29 billion in the first quarter — and spent $20.7 billion on dividends and stock buybacks.
Oil companies are handing cash to investors because they plan their businesses at lower prices than today’s. Even though the industry is investing more, some say spending on new supplies remains too low.
“The money that is put in is not enough,” said Fatih Birol, chief economist at the International Energy Agency, an adviser to 27 industrialized countries, referring to investment by international and national oil firms.
“We can either do two things — either step up the investment or slow down the demand growth.”
Record earnings have brought the oil industry under the scrutiny of politicians and consumer groups, who are upset about skyrocketing fuel prices at the pump.
Oil firms are lifting spending after years of underinvestment and rising demand helped propel crude oil’s rally from below $20 a barrel at the start of 2002 to a record $123.93 on Wednesday.
Executives such as Shell Chief Executive Jeroen van der Veer say their companies are doing their bit. Shell invested $7.6 billion in the first quarter, more than larger rival Exxon.
“Shell has the largest capital spending program in our industry today to grow the company and play our part in ensuring that energy markets remain well supplied,” he said on April 29.
While spending is rising, analysts say that much of the boost is being soaked up by higher costs, as well as the drop in the U.S. dollar.
According to the International Monetary Fund, rising costs for rigs and shortages of skilled engineers have largely cancelled out the increase in industry spending.
An IMF study of 53 national and international oil companies found they invested more than $240 billion in nominal terms in 2006, although the real level of investment was less than half that.
“Some of the capital spending is going into higher costs and not actually adding new supply,” said Jason Kenney, oil analyst at ING in Edinburgh.
Of the world’s five largest fully publicly traded oil firms by market value — Exxon, Shell, BP, Total SA (TOTF.PA: Quote, Profile, Research) and Chevron Corp. (CVX.N> — only Shell reported a rise in first-quarter production.
There are many reasons for oil firms’ caution about investment. New projects absorb cash without generating output for years.
Oil companies use long-run prices for planning that are closer to $60 a barrel, analysts say. Some in the industry, such as Shell, believe current prices do not have solid support from the fundamentals of supply and demand.
And access to big sources of new reserves is growing harder for Western oil companies, limiting the places they can invest. Projects are becoming more complex, meaning they take longer to develop.
Oilfields in Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest holder of oil reserves, are off-limits are to foreign oil companies and production is falling from its peak in industry heartlands such as the North Sea.
Even so, companies would be spending more if there was less competition for oilfield services, such as drilling rigs.
“They would all love to accelerate investment,” Kenney said. “But we know it’s a tight service sector, so you have to be cautious on bidding for development support at the top of the cycle.”
“It is not for these companies to increase supply and bring down the oil price — that’s for the Saudi Aramcos of this world. These companies want to have a sustainable business in five or six years’ time.”
(Editing by William Hardy)
© Thomson Reuters 2008 All rights reserved