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Shell, NNPC, Oil Companies Alone Cannot Resolve Ogoni Problem

President of MOSOP, Legborsi Pyagbara addressing Ogonis during a protest against Shell’s pipe laying in Ogoniland, August 2017.

The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) says resolving the Ogoni problem will require multi-stakeholder discussions involving Shell the Nigerian government and the Ogoni people. President of MOSOP Legborsi Saro Pyagbara made this known yesterday in Boue, Khana Local Government Area of Rivers State.

Addressing a meeting of MOSOP Kingdom Coordinators, Pyagbara who was represented by the organization’s Publicity Secretary, Fegalo Nsuke, said all parties to the conflict including Shell, the Nigerian government and the Ogoni people must meet to resolve the Ogoni conflict which has led to the death of over 4,000 persons and a generation of Ogoni leaders.

Nsuke accused the Nigerian government and Shell of deliberately encouraging conflict in Ogoniland by attempting to resume oil production without resolving the issues raised by the Ogoni people. read more

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Shell’s team of undercover officers in Nigeria

Shell managed a large force of police officers, which provided security for the company’s personnel and property. The records show that this force included a team of undercover officers, which received training from the security services. 

Extract from pages 11 & 12 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

BEGINS

SHELL LENT MATERIAL SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE TO THE ARMED FORCES

Shell provided the security forces with logistical support and payments as a matter of routine during the 1990s. Former Shell Nigeria chairperson, Brian Anderson explained that this was standard practice in relation to the military:

“In reality, any operational contact with the government requires financial and logistical support from Shell. For example to get representatives of the Department of Petroleum Resources to view an oil spill we often have to provide transport and other amenities. The same applies to military protection.” (emphasis added) read more

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AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SAYS SHELL SOLICITED AND ENCOURAGED INTERVENTION BY THE NIGERIAN SECURITY AND MILITARY FORCES

…Brian Anderson had another meeting with General Abacha. Despite being aware that Ken Saro-Wiwa and scores of others were now in detention and that many Ogonis had been killed in raids by the ISTF, Anderson’s own notes of the meeting do not refer to these issues at all.

Extract from pages 9, 10 & 11 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

BEGINS

SHELL SOLICITED AND ENCOURAGED INTERVENTION BY THE NIGERIAN SECURITY FORCES AND MILITARY AUTHORITIES

Despite knowing that serious human rights violations were almost inevitable, Shell encouraged and solicited the intervention of the Nigerian security forces and the military authorities. In 1993, Shell repeatedly asked the Nigerian government to deploy the army to Ogoniland to prevent protests from disrupting the laying of the pipeline. This resulted in the shooting and injuring of eleven people at Biara on 30 April and the shooting to death of a man at Nonwa on 4 May. According to an internal Shell document, Shell executives even advised the Nigerian military not to release protestors it had detained unless the military received commitments from their community to stop protests, thereby directly soliciting a violation of the human rights of the detainees. read more

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AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SAYS SHELL KNEW ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN OGONILAND

Throughout 1994 and 1995 when many of the events described in this report occurred, Shell and the government were also in negotiations over a $4 billion dollar liquefied natural gas project, at the time one of the largest investments in Africa. Shell announced that this joint venture project was going ahead just five days after the execution of the Ogoni Nine. 

Extract from page 9 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

SHELL KNEW ABOUT THE HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN OGONILAND

From mid-1993, as the violence increased in Ogoniland, it is inconceivable that Shell was not aware of the worsening human rights situation. The involvement of the armed forces was widely reported on at the time, both in Nigeria and internationally. Organizations, including Amnesty International, published numerous documents, drawing attention to specific incidents, such as the detention of Ken Saro-Wiwa and extrajudicial executions of Ogoni residents by the security forces. read more

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AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SAYS SHELL UNDERSTOOD THE RISKS OF CALLING FOR MILITARY INTERVENTION IN THE NIGER DELTA

The police officers, using guns and grenades, killed 80 people…

Extract from pages 8 & 9 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

SHELL UNDERSTOOD THE RISKS OF CALLING FOR MILITARY INTERVENTION

There is irrefutable evidence that Shell knew that the Nigerian security forces committed grave violations when they were deployed to address community protests. The company knew the risks since at least 1990, when Shell called for the assistance of a paramilitary police unit to deal with peaceful protestors at Umuechem village, also in the Niger Delta. According to an official enquiry, the police descended on the community, “like an invading army that had vowed to take the last drop of the enemy’s blood.” The police officers, using guns and grenades, killed 80 people. read more

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Nigeria Should Not Do to Ogonis Today, What Was Done to Ken Saro-Wiwa

MOSOP STATEMENT

Nigeria Should Not Do to Ogonis Today, What Was Done to Ken Saro-Wiwa

The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) urges the Nigerian government to put a stop to the constant human rights violations by Shell, *********** Limited and other oil prospecting firms who now use Nigerian soldiers against local resistance to force the resumption of oil production in Ogoniland. MOSOP is worried that this trend appears to be a replication of the civil crisis’s engineered by the government of General Sani Abacha, which eventually led to the hanging of our leaders in 1995. MOSOP is disturbed that despite repeated complaints, the government of Nigeria remains indifferent to the yearnings of the Ogoni people for the protection of their rights to a decent living, the rights to a dignified life and a safe environment and the political rights to self determination within Nigeria.

We call on the Nigerian government not to do to today’s Ogonis, what she did to Ken Saro-Wiwa and 8 others which led to the unjustified hangings on November 10, 1995 and the killing of over 4,000 Ogoni protestors between 1993 and 1999.

While we re-affirm our commitment to our demands for environmental, political and economic rights especially the political rights to self determination, which is currently enjoyed by other ethnic groups in Nigeria, we remain open to discussions that can resolve the protracted injustice against our people. read more

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SHELL AND THE NIGERIAN GOV. HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN OGONILAND 1993-6

Extract from pages 7 & 8 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

SHELL AND THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT: HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN OGONILAND 1993-6

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN OGONILAND 1993-6

In January 1993, Shell withdrew from Ogoniland citing security concerns for its staff. These concerns had some basis: Shell staff had been subjected to intimidation and physical attacks on several occasions. Shell sought to blame these attacks on MOSOP, but MOSOP and Ken Saro-Wiwa had always underlined the peaceful nature of the movement and had actively tried to stop those in the community who engaged in violence. read more

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‘Why we will never allow firm to resume oil production’

On:

The National Coordinator of Ken Saro-Wiwa Associates, Chief Gani Topba, has disclosed why Ogoni people will never allow Robo-Michael Ltd to resume oil production in Ogoniland’s four local governments of Khana, Gokana, Tai and Eleme. He accused the oil company of lack of capacity, while its association with Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Limited (SPDC) and Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), the oil production arm of Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), would be to its disadvantage. Topba said SPDC would not be allowed to return to Ogoni through the backdoor. FULL ARTICLE read more

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Ogonis Protest In Abuja Against Shell, NNPC

Friday 5 Jan 2018

The entrance to the corporate headquarters of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) in Abuja was on Thursday barricaded, as persons said to be representing the Ogoni people of rivers state staged what they called a non-violent protest against Shell and NNPC.

They accused both Shell and NNPC of using undercover tactics to resume oil production in the area.

It is the 2018 Ogoni day celebration and the people say they have chosen the day to protest against perceived marginalisation by shell and the NNPC. read more

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SHELL KNEW MOSOP HAD A LEGITIMATE GRIEVANCE SAYS AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

Extract from pages 6 & 7 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

SHELL AND THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT: “SHELL KNEW MOSOP HAD A LEGITIMATE GRIEVANCE”

SHELL KNEW MOSOP HAD A LEGITIMATE GRIEVANCE

While framing the Ogoni protests as a largely economic problem, Shell downplayed the community’s concerns about the environment and other issues.

In public statements Shell denied that its operations had caused environmental problems. This was completely false. Internal documents reveal that senior staff were highly concerned about the poor state of Shell’s ageing, inadequately maintained and leaky pipelines. In November 1994, the head of environmental studies for Shell Nigeria, Bopp Van Dessel, resigned over the issue, saying that he felt unable to defend the company’s environmental record “without losing his personal integrity.” Van Dessel went public with these allegations in a TV interview in 1996 stating: read more

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SHELL AND THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT: “INEXTRICABLY LINKED” SAYS AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

Extract from page 6 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

Under Executive Summary.

SHELL AND THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT: “INEXTRICABLY LINKED”

In the 1990s Shell was the single most important company in Nigeria and in 1995 pumped almost one million barrels of crude oil a day, roughly half of Nigeria’s total daily oil production. Nigeria’s oil exports made up 95.7% of the country’s foreign earnings so were vital to the economy.

The country and the company had a shared interest in ensuring that the oil kept owing. Shell and the government were business partners, running the highly pro table Nigerian oil felds as a joint venture. The two entities were in constant contact. As the chairperson of Shell Nigeria from 1994-7, Brian Anderson, conceded, “The government and the oil industry are inextricably entangled.” read more

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Shell director calls himself ‘proud’ of controversial Nigerian operations at Cambridge talk

Footage has emerged of a Shell director saying that he was “fundamentally proud” of the company’s actions in Nigeria, only a week before Amnesty International accused the company of being closely involved with human rights abuses in the country.

The remarks were made by Andrew Brown, a member of the Royal Dutch Shell executive committee, at the Shell annual lecture, an event affiliated with the University, at Emmanuel College on the 20th November.

When asked by host Stephen Sackur, a former BBC foreign correspondent, whether he was proud of what Shell had “done over the years in Nigeria”, Brown replied that “I am, I’m fundamentally proud of what happened in Nigeria”.

The comments are likely to raise eyebrows given the controversial nature of Shell’s involvement in Nigeria. On November 28th, Amnesty International called on the British, Dutch, and Nigerian governments to investigate, with a view to prosecution, the role of Shell in human rights abuses in the 1990s. read more

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Amnesty wants probe into Shell’s alleged role in 1990s Nigeria violence

Esther Kiobel, the widow of one of the nine Ogoni activists

Reporting by Libby George; Editing by Edmund Blair: NOVEMBER 28, 2017

LONDON/LAGOS (Reuters) – Amnesty International has called for a criminal investigation into the alleged role of Royal Dutch Shell in human rights abuses in Nigeria’s oil-rich Ogoniland in the 1990s, accusations the Anglo-Dutch oil company has denied. The rights group urged the British, Dutch and Nigerian governments carry out probes in a report that it said included evidence showing Shell’s involvement in suppression of protesters by the military government in the 1990s. Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Limited (SPDC) said the allegations were “false and without merit”. FULL ARTICLE read more

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Dutch Public Prosecution Service looks at Amnesty dossier on Shell Nigeria

ENGLISH TRANSLATION (GOOGLE TRANSLATE) OF A DUTCH ARTICLE PUBLISHED BY NU.nl

Published: 28 November 2017 18:44 Last update: November 28, 2017 9:45

The Public Prosecution Service (OM) will look at the file Amnesty International has made about the role of Shell in Nigeria. According to the human rights organization, Shell was actively involved in violence against the Ogoni population in Nigeria. Amnesty International has called on Nigeria, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands to conduct a criminal investigation into the role of Shell. “We are going to study the file very seriously and if we see a reason we start an investigation”, a spokesperson for the Public Prosecution Service (OM) reacts. According to the human rights organization, Shell’s internal documents and testimonies show that the oil company repeatedly encouraged the Nigerian army to take action against protests from the Ogoni. Residents of Ogoniland revolted after oil spills from Shell had caused enormous environmental damage. According to Amnesty, Shell asked a paramilitary police unit in 1990 for ‘protection’ against protests on which agents attacked the village of Umuechem and killed at least eighty people. In later years, requests for assistance from the company also led to bloodshed. The Shell summit would have been aware of this violence, but it did not stop the requests, Amnesty claims, which says to have internal documents that prove it.

Declaration

If the Public Prosecution Service does not institute an investigation, Amnesty will file a report. The human rights organization is currently working on a criminal file, which in due course can be given to the Public Prosecution Service. When that dossier is ready, the organization does not know.

Shell has always denied having been involved in human rights violations. “Shell has not encouraged or encouraged violence. We believe that the facts will clearly show that Shell was not responsible for those tragic events. read more

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Amnesty International demands criminal investigation of Shell’s complicity in murder

Esther Kiobel poses with a picture of her late husband Dr. Barinem Kiobel one of nine men executed by Nigeria’s military government after a peaceful uprising in 1995 against Shell’s widespread pollution in Ogoniland. Photograph: Amnesty International

Multiple news stories: Amnesty International demand criminal investigation of Shell complicity in Nigerian murder, torture and rape

The Guardian: Amnesty seeks criminal inquiry into Shell over alleged complicity in murder and torture in Nigeria

Extract: Amnesty International is calling for a criminal investigation into the oil giant Shell regarding allegations it was complicit in human rights abuses carried out by the Nigerian military. Amnesty is urging the UK, Nigeria and the Netherlands to consider a criminal case against Shell in light of evidence it claims amounts to “complicity in murder, rape and torture” – allegations Shell strongly denies. read more

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Investigate Shell for complicity in murder, rape and torture says Amnesty International

Massive cache of internal documents and other evidence points to Shell’s complicity in horrific crimes committed by the Nigerian military in the 1990s

–      New Amnesty International report calls for a criminal investigation

Amnesty International is calling on Nigeria, the UK and the Netherlands to launch investigations into Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell, over its role in a swathe of horrific crimes committed by the Nigerian military government in the oil-producing Ogoniland region in the 1990s.

The organization has released a ground-breaking review of thousands of pages of internal company documents and witness statements, as well as Amnesty International’s own archive from the period.

The Nigerian military’s campaign to silence the Ogoni people’s protests against Shell’s pollution led to widespread and serious human rights violations, many of which also amounted to criminal offences. read more

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