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The Sunday Telegraph: 8 JULY 2018

A few months ago, Shell published a startling report on the future of the energy industry. Despite its dry title, the Energy Transition Report provided a scarcely believable vision of a world in 50 years that is recognisable from the one that seven billion of us occupy today, a planet that has been turned upside down by its very battle for survival. .

Electricity is expected to surge from about 18pc to 40pc of global energy consumption in the next 20 years, and by 2050, every car on the road will be an electric one.

The company’s chairman, Chad Holliday, said the purpose of the 41-page publication was to answer the question: “How can Shell survive, let alone thrive, as the world transitions to lower-carbon energy?” 

Think about that statement. Royal Dutch Shell’s roots date back to the 19th century. It is the biggest company in the FTSE 100 by a comfortable margin, with a market cap that dwarfs second-placed HSBC by £110bn. Last year, it generated revenue of more than $300bn, making it the seventh-largest corporation in the world by sales.

Shell is a beast of a company, yet here it is acknowledging that climate change and the shift towards cleaner energy could threaten its very existence. It was an astonishing admission that encapsulates the scale of the challenge that Shell and the rest of the oil industry faces to reinvent themselves: the world is going electric but Shell and its rivals still generate the bulk of their profits from polluting hydrocarbons.

Shell is fortunate that boss Ben van Beurden is embracing this brave new world. Using sophisticated modelling, Shell has come up with its’ (Sky”scenario, which envisages a technologically and macro-economically, possible route to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement where there are net-zero emissions from energy use by 2070. 

But to achieve that will take profound change. It will require a tripling of energy efficiency, an end to deforestation and substantial technological advances to solve challenges like large-scale battery storage, the company says. And it will include a massive expansion of renewables, with wind turbines peppering the landscape for miles and rooftops carpeted with solar panels. 

Shell has taken some bold steps already. It has as bought NewMotIon, which makes electric car charging points for homes and workplaces; snapped up First Utility, a supplier of electricity and gas to nearly I million homes; and taken a big stake in Silicon Ranch, an operator of US solar power plants, Of course, the oil industry can do more too .only.a fraction of Shell’s profits are being invested in its so-called “new energies” division. 

But last week, van Beurden urged others to share the responsibility. In a speech at London’s Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, the Dutchman called on regulators and consumers to do their part too.

The industry insists that-the introduction of government-led carbon pricing mechanisms would be a game-changer, and there is an increasing acceptance that consumers must make profound changes to their lives as well.

There is growing optimism that the central goal of the Paris Agreement to maintain global warming under 2C can be met, but the societal changes required will be bigger than anything we’ve seen in our lifetime.

SOURCE

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SHELL IN OGONILAND: TORTURE AND ILL-TREATMENT http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/07/07/shell-in-ogoniland-torture-and-ill-treatment/ http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/07/07/shell-in-ogoniland-torture-and-ill-treatment/#comments Sat, 07 Jul 2018 16:44:51 +0000 http://royaldutchshellplc.com/?p=97412 SHELL IN OGONILAND: TORTURE AND ILL-TREATMENT was first posted on July 7, 2018 at 5:44 pm.
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Two Ogoni fishermen have described how they were arrested by members of the police unit seconded to guard Shell personnel and installations (known as the Supernumerary or SPY police) on 22 June 1994. In a letter faxed to journalists after their release
from prison in October 1998, Kagbara Bassee and Blessing Israel said that the police arrested them at Benson Beach, Akwa Ibon State. They said that the police officers, who were accompanied by Shell staff, beat them with batons, knocking Blessing Israel unconscious.

Extracts from pages 27, 28 & 29 of an Amnesty International document headed: “A CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE? SHELL’S INVOLVEMENT IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN NIGERIA IN THE 1990s”

In July 1994, the Dutch ambassador told Shell Nigeria’s then chairperson Brian Anderson that the army had killed some 800 Ogonis.

EXTRACT BEGINS

TORTURE AND OTHER ILL-TREATMENT OF DETAINEES

During this time, numerous people – mostly from Ogoniland – were detained and held in military-run camps and subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Many were arbitrarily arrested and detained without charge for varying periods in 1994 and 1995 at either Bori Military Camp, in Port Harcourt, or the military detention centre set up in what used to be the police station in Kpor, in Ogoniland.102

Two environmentalists (Oronto Douglas and Nick Ashton-Jones) who went to visit Ledum Mitee, the MOSOP vice-president, in detention in the Bori Military Camp, on 26 June 1994, have described how they were detained, flogged and threatened with execution, on Paul Okuntimo’s orders.103 Nick Ashton-Jones described his experience:

“I was taken out and told to lie face down on the floor and given about 9 strokes across my lower back and buttocks: painful but not enough to break the skin. The whip was made of a double length of 10mm electrical cable and the man who used it was clearly as afraid of Major (now Lt. Col.) Okuntimo as we were.”104

In a verbal deposition recorded as part of the US legal action, Boniface Ejiogu, who was Paul Okuntimo’s orderly from May 1994, confirmed that the ISTF tortured Ogoni chiefs and youths, often beating them with horse whips (koboko):

“There were men with underwear and they would ask all of them to face the ground. They were handcuffed like this, handcuffed them like this. There is not enough handcuffs so our soldiers use this barbed wire, cut barbed wire with nails and handcuff them, tie them behind...All of them face the ground. Others receive koboko, mostly the chiefs they give them koboko. They will go to Okuntimo’s office, community chiefs.”105

A chief who was taken to Kpor on 21 May 1994, recounted to Human Rights Watch that when he refused to respond to Lieutenant-Colonel Okuntimo’s inquiries about the murders and MOSOP, he was ordered to strip and lie face down on the ground. He recalled:

“As I was lying there with my arms out at a 90 degree angle, Okuntimo ordered two soldiers standing on either side of me to whip me on the buttocks. The two men took turns hitting me, thirty lashes each, striking only when Okuntimo told them to do so. I couldn’t walk when they finished.”106

A man arrested in late June 1994 and taken to Kpor, told Human Rights Watch how he and four other villagers were forced to walk on their knees inside their cell for close to an hour while soldiers beat them with kobokos. Another man, who was also whipped at Kpor, was ordered to show other Ogonis his lash marks so they would not participate in MOSOP activities.107

The human rights violations continued in 1995. Victor Wifa, who provided a deposition in the US legal action, said he took part in peaceful protest marches against Shell in Ogoniland. The ISTF raided his home and arrested him in July 1995. He said he was also detained at the Kpor camp and subjected to beatings and torture. On the third day, he remembered being ordered to sign a piece of paper which he recalls involved agreeing to “never participate in any MOSOP activities and that I will not protest against Shell coming to Ogoni to operate anymore.” When he refused, soldiers ordered him to put his hands on the ground and then shot one of his fingers off.108 During his deposition in 2003, according to the transcript, Victor Wifa showed lawyers his missing finger.109 Ken Saro-Wiwa and other people arrested in connection with the murder of the four chiefs reported being subjected to torture or other ill-treatment while held at the Bori Military Camp and the Kpor detention centre, under the control of Paul Okuntimo.

Evidence of torture and other ill-treatment of the detainees emerged during their subsequent trial (details below). According to an affidavit, which was read out on the second day of the trial, Ken Saro-Wiwa said he was regularly beaten, held in manacles in a cell containing 30 other Ogoni prisoners, and denied food and medical care while in detention.110 Baribor Bera, a member of the MOSOP youth organization, NYCOP, told the court that after his arrest he had been brutally tortured, forced to sign a confession and implicate other defendants.111 On 23 February 1995 he showed the tribunal scars from beatings he said he had received at the Kpor detention centre: he said that he was stripped naked, tied to a pillar, flogged with a koboko and made to swallow teeth knocked out as a result of being beaten.112 On 27 June 1995, Paul Levula told the tribunal that he had been strung up by his hands for a long period on two occasions by the police in Port Harcourt following his arrest.113 Nordu Eawo, another NYCOP member, said that a leading prosecution witness had initially detained him and taken to the witness’ house, where he was beaten and cut on the genitals and head with a sharp stick by other prosecution witnesses.114 Nordu Eawo said that a tape-recording made at the time of this assault was later used by the police to prepare a statement, which he was forced to mark with his thumbprint. Another of the accused, Daniel Gbokoo, also claimed he was badly beaten during questioning by the police.115

Two Ogoni fishermen have described how they were arrested by members of the police unit seconded to guard Shell personnel and installations (known as the Supernumerary or SPY police) on 22 June 1994. In a letter faxed to journalists after their release
from prison in October 1998, Kagbara Bassee and Blessing Israel said that the police arrested them at Benson Beach, Akwa Ibon State. They said that the police officers, who were accompanied by Shell staff, beat them with batons, knocking Blessing Israel unconscious. After five days in the police’s detention, they were collected by the ISTF and transferred to Kpor, where the ill-treatment continued.

“We were all beaten half-dead and they told us that it is said that we the youths are the ones who destabilize the effort of government and stopped Shell of their operation.”116

The two men were held along with 19 other men on the same charges as Ken Saro-Wiwa and the “Ogoni Nine.”117 Shell denied that its staff were involved in their arrest.118 In August 1995 Clement Tusima, one of this group of detainees, died in detention as a result of malnutrition, poor prison conditions and medical neglect, Amnesty International reported at the time.119

Footnotes

102. Human Rights Watch, Nigeria: A Case Study of Military Repression in Southeastern Nigeria.
103. Excerpt of letter from Nicholas Ashton-Jones to Michael Birnbaum QC, 8 April 1995, reprinted in Michael Birnbaum QC, Nigerian Fundamental Rights Denied, Appendix 5A, p. 12.
104. Excerpt of letter from Nicholas Ashton-Jones to Michael Birnbaum, QC, April 8, 1995; reprinted in Michael Birnbaum, QC, Nigeria: Fundamental Rights Denied (London: Article 19, June 1995), Appendix 5A, p. 12.
105. Deposition of Boniface Ejiogu, Part I, 22 May 2004, p. 54.
106. Human Rights Watch, Nigeria: A Case Study of Military Repression in Southeastern Nigeria.
107. Human Rights Watch, Nigeria: A Case Study of Military Repression in Southeastern Nigeria.
108. Deposition of Victor B. Wifa, 2 April 2002, p. 133-5.
109. Deposition of Victor B. Wifa, 2 April 2002, p. 133
110. Transcript of the Ogoni Civil Disturbances Tribunal, Day 2, 21 February 1995, p. 33-37.
111. Transcript of the Ogoni Civil Disturbances Tribunal, Day 4, 23 February 1995, p. 41-5.
112. Transcript of the Ogoni Civil Disturbances Tribunal, Day 4, 23 February 1995, p. 45.
113. Amnesty International, Nigeria: The Ogoni Trials and Detentions (Index: AFR 44/020/1995), p. 9.
114. Amnesty International, Nigeria: The Ogoni Trials and Detentions (Index: AFR 44/020/1995).
115. Statement by Dabiel Gbokoo, 9 July 1994.
116. Letter from Kagbara Bassee and Blessing Israel, 27 October 1998.
117. The Nigerian government eventually set the men free unconditionally in 1998, following General Abacha’s death. Ian Black, Nigeria frees 20 Ogonis
jailed with Saro-Wiwa, The Guardian (UK), 9 September 1998, https://www.theguardian.com/world/1998/sep/09/ianblack
118. Associated Press, UK: Shell Oil Company Deny Allegations Of Torture In Nigeria Update, 11 August 1998, http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/you-tube/8e86477a83e7771c27a29a40ab37f857
119. Amnesty International, Urgent Action, 19 August 1997 (AI Index: AFR 44/17/97), available at file://intsec.amnesty.org/data/users/mark.dummett/Downloads/afr440171997en.pdf

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Academic Report reveals true extent of pollution in Niger Delta following Shell oil spills http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/06/13/academic-report-reveals-true-extent-of-pollution-in-niger-delta-following-shell-oil-spills/ http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/06/13/academic-report-reveals-true-extent-of-pollution-in-niger-delta-following-shell-oil-spills/#comments Wed, 13 Jun 2018 05:12:10 +0000 http://royaldutchshellplc.com/?p=97137 Academic Report reveals true extent of pollution in Niger Delta following Shell oil spills was first posted on June 13, 2018 at 6:12 am.
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Academic Report reveals true extent of pollution in Niger Delta following Shell oil spills

The lawyer representing over 30,000 Nigerians following two devastating oil spills in the Niger Delta has expressed his grave concern following the publication of an academic paper which found that the environmental damage around the site of the two spills has worsened significantly after delays to clean up the region.

The Bodo community was devastated by two large oil spills in October and December 2008 from Shell’s pipelines in the Niger Delta which caused the largest destruction of mangrove habitat in the history of oil spills.

In 2015, following litigation in the UK Courts by law firm Leigh day on behalf of the community, Shell settled the claims for £55m and Bodo became the only community in the entire Niger Delta, out of hundreds of polluted communities, which is subject to an internationally recognised clean-up operation, the Bodo Mediation Initiative (BMI).

The academic paper, which was only made public last month, follows analysis undertaken in 2015 and commissioned by the BMI.

The research was led by Mr Kay Holtzmann, who was previously employed by the BMI to lead the clean-up of the Bodo community and Dr David Little, a former independent advisor to the BMI who represented the United Nations Environment Programme, whose 2011 report found extensive damage in the region.

Mr Holtzmann claims that Shell denied him permission to publish the study’s results in a scientific journal previously, the results have only now been made public.

The research concludes:

“Independent health officials should evaluate the chemistry data as soon as possible to determine the best course of action to protect the local people from any ongoing exposure to toxins of unknown but potentially significant magnitude.  This recommendation is made because of the very high sediment concentrations of aromatics (EC5–EC44) and other hydrocarbons, especially PAHs…”

“To the extent that anyone still relies on potentially-contaminated water for drinking and household use, they should be provided with clean water until remediation is complete, as recommended by UNEP (2011)…”

“A properly designed confidential medical screening programme and epidemiological investigation might also be among the appropriate responses to contamination in Bodo, and similar recommendations were made for Ogoniland by UNEP (2011).”

Last week a High Court judge ruled that the Bodo community should be allowed to continue their legal action against Shell in the UK Courts to force Shell to clean up the pollution.

This follows a decision by the community to put on hold an ongoing legal challenge in the London High Court to force Shell to clean up their environment. This decision was made in response to the clean-up initiative but the Community want to be able to take further legal action as they believe it is the only reason that Shell finally engaged to clean up its oil.

Dan Leader from the international team at Leigh day said:

“We continue to have grave concerns over the levels of pollution in the Niger Delta from these oil spills and the effect this pollution has on our clients. This research confirms our worst fears and we cannot understand why Shell has refused to allow it to be made public before now.

“We have been writing to Shell for 12 months to ask them what public health measures they will be taking to protect the population, at this point they have refused to put any measures in place.”

ENDS

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Academic Report reveals true extent of pollution in Niger Delta following Shell oil spills was first posted on June 13, 2018 at 6:12 am.
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Shell says Nigeria attacks continue despite oil output recovery http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/06/05/shell-says-nigeria-attacks-continue-despite-oil-output-recovery/ Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:54:29 +0000 http://royaldutchshellplc.com/?p=97023 Shell says Nigeria attacks continue despite oil output recovery was first posted on June 5, 2018 at 1:54 pm.
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Nigeria’s oil wells may be flowing again, but the country’s largest operator says attacks continue to put a brake on output.

Written by  – 

“Security in parts of the Niger delta remains a major concern with persisting incidents of criminality, kidnapping and vandalism as well as onshore and offshore piracy,” said Igo Weli, general manager for external relations at Royal Dutch Shell Plc’s local unit. The warning underlines the enduring threat of attacks even as production recovers from a major militant campaign in 2016. Shell declared force majeure on Bonny Light crude shipments last month following pipeline leaks, while loadings of Forcados exports were also delayed. Weli didn’t specifically link those incidents to his comments on vandalism. FULL ARTICLE

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Judge wants more info from big oil companies in climate change lawsuits http://royaldutchshellplc.com/2018/05/26/judge-wants-more-info-from-big-oil-companies-in-climate-change-lawsuits/ Sat, 26 May 2018 12:57:06 +0000 http://royaldutchshellplc.com/?p=96935 Judge wants more info from big oil companies in climate change lawsuits was first posted on May 26, 2018 at 1:57 pm.
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|By: , SA News Editor

A federal judge yesterday said he needed more information before deciding whether to dismiss lawsuits by the cities of San Francisco and Oakland alleging that Exxon Mobil (NYSE:XOM), Chevron (NYSE:CVX), Royal Dutch Shell (RDS.ARDS.B), BP and ConocoPhillips (NYSE:COP) should pay to protect residents from the impacts of climate change.

The judge also wants the companies to produce additional material backing up claims that they should not be a part of the case because the court lacked jurisdiction over them.

The judge cited the beneficial role oil and gas production had played in the development of the U.S. but also said he remained open to the idea that some damages may have to be paid considering the potential harm of climate change.

SOURCE

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Judge wants more info from big oil companies in climate change lawsuits was first posted on May 26, 2018 at 1:57 pm.
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