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The Guardian: Top oil firms spend more but get less crude

Reuters Thursday February 14 2008
By Alex Lawler

LONDON, Feb 14 (Reuters) – The world’s three largest fully publicly traded oil firms are investing billions of dollars more, but there is little sign yet the extra spending is leading to higher production.

Exxon Mobil Corp., Royal Dutch Shell Plc and BP Plc posted falling 2007 output, even though they upped capital spending to over $60 billion and some expect a further rise this year.

The drop reflects the way higher oil prices reduce the amount of oil companies get under production-sharing agreements with governments, and declining supply from ageing fields in some regions like the North Sea.

“Production growth is still a real problem for the UK majors,” said Ivor Pether, who manages the equivalent of $1.4 billion at Royal London Asset Management, including BP and Shell shares.

Violence in Nigeria, and moves by countries like Venezuela to get more cash and control from firms that work their oil and gas fields, have also cut supply for some companies.
Oil firms are lifting spending after years of under-investment and rising demand helped send prices skyrocketing. Shell and BP plan increases of up to 14 percent and 16 percent respectively in 2008.

But much of the boost is being soaked up by rising costs, as well as the drop in the dollar. Also, it takes years to bring new fields into production, meaning the impact of higher spending on supply is some way off.

“The lead time between exploration and production is about seven to eight years,” said analyst Jason Kenney of ING.

“So new investment today is not going to come through until 2015 in terms of production, cashflow and earnings.”


Shell posted a 4.5 percent drop in oil and gas output to 3.315 million barrels of oil equivalent (boepd) in 2007, the largest drop among the top three oil companies, and said supply may fall further this year.

Production was hit by the reduction of Shell’s stake in the Sakhalin gas project in Russia following government pressure and snags at Shell’s unit in Canada which squeezes crude from tar sands.

Shell backtracked from previous targets for production. Chief Financial Officer Peter Voser declined to restate a plan for 1-2 percent growth to 2010 and said output was likely to fall “slightly” in 2008.

“Shell is still in this rather dull period, where the startup of big, long-lasting projects is still some way off in terms of investors’ time horizons,” Pether said.

Resources are increasingly located where extraction is technically harder, such as beneath seas that ice over in winter off Sakhalin Island, or in politically volatile regions like the Middle East.

BP’s output fell 2.8 percent in 2007 to 3.818 million boepd. But Chief Executive Tony Hayward also reaffirmed BP’s production growth plans to 2012 and said he expected higher supply in 2008.

Exxon posted the smallest drop in supply among the top three oil companies. Output fell 1 percent in 2007, partly because of lost oil from assets that were taken over by Venezuela.


Big Oil’s lower output comes alongside a broader failure for supply to meet expectations in recent years, particularly outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

Part of the reason for that, say analysts, is declining output at fields already in production, such as in the North Sea, which raises questions whether new supply will lead to an overall gain in output.

In a Feb. 4 report, Citigroup said there are over 175 large new oil projects due to start up by 2012 worldwide, although it remains to be seen whether they will be enough to counteract declines elsewhere.

“The fear remains that most of this supply will be offset by high levels of decline, pointing to genuine difficulties in building net production levels, particularly after 2012,” the bank said.

(Reporting by Alex Lawler; editing by William Hardy) and its sister websites,,,,, and are all owned by John Donovan. There is also a Wikipedia article.

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