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Amnesty International Report: ON TRIAL: SHELL IN NIGERIA

On 28 August 2008 a fault in the Trans-Niger pipeline resulted in a massive oil spill into Bodo Creek in Ogoniland. The oil poured into the swamp and creek for weeks, covering the area in a thick slick of oil and killing the fish that people depend on for food and for their livelihood. © CEHRD

Amnesty International has been conducting research on human rights abuses linked to the oil industry in the Niger Delta since the mid-1990s.1 Working jointly with the Port Harcourt-based Centre for the Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD), this has included investigations into the cause and impact of pollution in Ogale and Bodo, which are two of the communities that have brought cases against Shell.2 Amnesty International has also investigated Shell’s role in the military crackdown of the 1990s, reviewing thousands of pages of court depositions and internal company documents.3

For this report, researchers spoke to lawyers and human rights and environmental organizations involved in each of the cases. They reviewed court documents, attended hearings in the Okpabi and Kiobel cases, and interviewed the claimants.

Researchers also visited the Niger Delta in August 2019, where they met human rights defenders, environmentalists and representatives of the Ogale and Bodo communities.

1. Amnesty International, Nigeria: The Ogoni Trials and Detentions, 1995 (Index: AFR 44/020/1995), Claiming Rights and Resources. Injustice, Oil and Violence In Nigeria, 2005 (Index: AFR 44/020/2005), Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta, 2009 (Index: AFR 44/017/2009), https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AFR44/017/2009/en/ (hereinafter, Amnesty International, Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta); Amnesty International and the Centre for the Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD), Bad Information: Oil Spill Investigations in the Niger Delta, 2013 (Index: AFR 44/028/2013), www.amnesty.org/en/documents/ AFR44/028/2013/en/ (hereinafter, Amnesty International and CEHRD, Bad Information); Negligence in the Niger Delta: Decoding Shell and Eni’s Poor Record on Oil Spills, 2018 (Index: AFR 44/7970/2018), https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr44/7970/2018/en/ (hereinafter, Amnesty International, Negligence in the Niger Delta).
2. Amnesty International, The True Tragedy: Delays and Failures in Tackling the Oil Spills in the Niger Delta, 2011 (Index: AFR 44/018/2011), https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/24000/afr440182011en.pdf (hereinafter, Amnesty International, The True Tragedy); Amnesty International and CEHRD, Clean It Up: Shell’s False Claims about Oil Spill Response in the Niger Delta, 2015 (Index: AFR 44/2746/2015), https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr44/2746/2015/en/ (hereinafter, Amnesty International and CEHRD, Clean it up).
3. Amnesty International, A Criminal Enterprise?, 2017, p20, (Index: AFR 44/7393/2017) https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/ AFR44/7393/2017/en/ (hereinafter, Amnesty International, A Criminal Enterprise?).

FULL REPORT

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