By John Donovan
The article below was published by an American newspaper a year after the death of Royal Dutch Shell founder Sir Henri Deterding and weeks after the sudden death of his immediate successor as de facto CEO, Johan Egbert Frederik (Frits) de Kok, known as J.E.F. de Kok.
It confirms that Royal Dutch Shell financed fascist death squads collectively known as the Romanian Iron Guard “and helped to link it with Nazi interests in Berlin.” The Iron Guard carried out high-level political assassinations.
The Evening Independent: THE SUNSHINE NEWSPAPER: Clearwater Florida: 11 December 1940
Article on page 18 – top far right column (very appropriate)
GAMBLERS– The conflict between two vast oil empires–Standard and Dutch Shell–lies behind the internal turmoil that recently culminated in Rumanian riots, shootings and jailings–and an infiltration of Nazis into the harassed country in the Balkans. Oleaginous history simply repeated itself.
The Royal Dutch Shell Oil company long headed by Henry Deterding and owned 50-50 by Dutch and British capital, is taking heavy punishment. Losses of extremely valuable oil properties in Russia transformed Deterding into a bitter anti-Bolshevik, and he labored for years to make Rumania a Fascist stronghold.
His successor J. E. F. de Kok–who in turn passed on last month–financed the Rumanian “Iron Guard,” and helped to link it with Nazi interests in Berlin. Both groups played with Rumanian politicos and intriguers who looked after Shell’s health. They opposed King Carol, who had lined up with the French. Standard Oil likewise cast its lot with Paris, and stands to suffer unless it falls in with the Dutch Shell party line.
It is probable that neither Deterding nor De Kok contemplated or desired the political and international mess that the long-range scheming precipitated.
Both Shell and Standard will undoubtedly lose out in the end–as did the German and Italian industrials barons who financed and fostered their totalitarian masters, Hitler and ll duce.
Same article also published on page 10 of The Muscatine Journal And News Tribune and page 3 of the IRONWOQD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICH. both published on the same date, 11 December 1940 (Also by the Oakland Tribune on 13 December 1940)